Nickel-Titanium Shape Memory Alloys

Nickel-Titanium Shape Memory Alloys

Text Box:  The Materials Science Division (MSD) of CSIR - National Aerospace Laboratories has been carrying out R&D on NiTi Shape Memory alloys (SMAs) since 2002. The Division has successfully developed the know-how for the processing of NiTi SMAs in various semi-finished and finished product forms. The SMAs developed are suitable for both engineering and biomedical applications. The technology has been transferred to Mishra Dhatu Nigam (MIDHANI) Limited, Hyderabad, a Defence Public Sector Undertaking (DPSU), in the year 2017, for commercial production and marketing. Currently, collaborative research is underway with the leading medical institutes of the country for design and development of stents for biomedical applications.

 

 

 

Shape Memory Effect and Superelasticity

Nickel-titanium (NiTi) SMAs have received considerable scientific attention because of their two unique functional properties: shape memory effect (SME) and superelasticity (SE). SME is the ability of the material to be deformed at low temperature and then revert to its original shape upon heating above a critical temperature. SE is the ability of the material to experience large recoverable strains when deformed within a temperature range. These, combined with the superior mechanical properties and corrosion resistance make SMAs as promising class of material for a variety of engineering and biomedical applications.

 

 

Processing Facilities

The laboratory is equipped with state-of-the-art processing facilities for undertaking R&D work on NiTi SMAs. The facilities include vacuum arc melting furnace, hot and cold rolling mills for wires and strips, wire drawing machine, heat treatment furnaces (controlled atmosphere and vacuum), special furnaces for shape memory heat treatment, set-up for stabilization of wire properties for repetitive strain applications.

 

 

 

Characterization Facilities

The SMA laboratory has the characterization facilities for evaluation of functional and mechanical properties of NiTi SMAs under application environment. The facilities include differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), universal tensile testing machine (UTM), rotating beam fatigue testing machine for wires, thermo-mechanical fatigue testing machine,

 

Modulated Differential Scanning Calorimetry

 

Text Box:  Study of phase transformation

Make: TA Instruments

Model: Q2000

Key Features

Temperature Range: -180 to 500°C

Temperature accuracy: ± 0.1°C

Sensitivity: 0.2 µW

Baseline reproducibility: ±10 µW

 

 

 

 

 

Universal Tensile Testing Machine

 

Text Box:

Evaluation of tensile properties

Electro-mechanical system for tensile testing of thin specimens (wires/strips) 

 

Make: Instron

Model: 3365

Max. Load: 5 kN

Temperature Range: -100 to 250°C

 

Key Features

Control: Fully automated through software

Speed Range: 0.01 to 1000 mm/min

Load accuracy: 0.5% of indicated load

 

 

Thermomechanical Fatigue Testing Machine

 

Text Box:

Evaluation of functional fatigue properties

Custom built apparatus for evaluation of thermo-mechanical fatigue behaviour of NiTi shape memory alloy wires. Conceptualized and designed by CSIR-NAL. 

 

Make: Pragathi Solutions, Bangalore

 

Key Features

  • Programmable heating /cooling cycle
  • Joule heating & forced/natural cooling
  • Strain measurement using non-contact laser
  • Stress measurement using load cell
  • Continuous data logging of stress/strain
  • Closed loop strain control using servo motor

 

 

 

 

 

 Rotating  Beam Fatigue Testing Machine

 

Text Box:

Rotating beam fatigue machine can be used for testing of small diameter wire in a simple and rapid method for obtaining fatigue strength and endurance limit values to serve as quality indexes.

Make: Valley Instruments, USA

Model: 100

Key Features

Suitable for mechanical fatigue testing of thin wires with diameter as low as 100 µm

 

 

 

 

NiTi SMA Products

The laboratory has also developed expertise for shape setting as well as surface preparation of the products depending on the nature of the applications. 

 Engineering  Products (technology transferred to MIDHANI, Hyderabad)

 

Text Box:

  • Wires
  • Rods
  • Plates
  • Strips
  • Springs

 

 

 

 

Biomedical Products (under development)

Specially designed NiTi SMA stents are being developed in collaboration with Biomedical Technology Wing of Sree Chitra Tirunal of Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum and Dr. Cherian Heart Foundation, Frontier Lifeline Hospital, Chennai.

 

Pulmonary valve stent                                                       NiTi-ring for aortic stent-graft

 

Expertise Available

  • R&D of NiTi base shape memory alloys for engineering and biomedical applications
  • Processing of NiTi SMA wires and strips with SME and SE
  • Microstructure, thermos-physical and mechanical properties evaluation
  • Study of functional fatigue behaviour in application environment
  • Design and development of customized shapes of NiTi SMA
  • High temperature shape memory alloys (NiTiPt/Pd)


Last updated on : 18-12-2017 09:48:38am